Dr. Maria Grammenou - 08/12/2014م - 1:31 م | مرات القراءة: 16426
Adolescence: this term indicates the transitional stage of development
between childhood and adulthood.
From Latin adolescere – (ad =”to”, alescere= “increase”, ‘”grow up”)= intense and rapid growth.
At this period of life, between 10-20 years old, a person experiences a variety of biological changes and faces a lot of emotional issues.
Adolescence can be stressful and turbulent as well as a dynamic period of one’s life.
It has been identified as a period in which young people:
1) Develop a clearer sense of psychological identity.
2) Focus on self, alternating between low self- esteem and high expectations.
4) Interests and clothing style influenced by peer group.
5) Feeling embarrass or estranged about one’s self and one’s body.
6) Develop abstract thinking categories;
7) Improved ability to use speech to express oneself.
8) Realization that parents are not perfect, identification of their faults.
9) Less overt affection shown to parents with occasional rudeness.
10) Complaints that parents interfere with independence, try to increase their independence from parents.
11) Tendency to return to childish behavior, particularly when stressed.
During adolescence conflict is normal and not unusual. One of the causes includes the different maturation of different parts of the nervous system. The emotional part of the brain, amygdale, is developing faster than the cognitive control part of the brain, frontal cortex. This imbalance development might seem as a sign of mental illness but it is not.
Psychologists often divide adolescence into three distinct phases: early, mid and late adolescence.
The behavior of adolescents depends of their culture, their upbringing and education. Adolescents prefer spending their time with similar-aged peers.
The conflict between them and their parents increases at this time, because adolescents are trying to create detachment and a sense of independence. As a result, often parents feel lack of love and respect. At this point it would be useful if parents remember that once they were adolescents themselves, however the adolescent did not become a parent yet.
Being a teenager is to live a condition in which “you are no longer a child” but not yet an “adult”, you are not independent but there is a strong need to be!
Often parents feel threatened by the behavior and react by restricting, punishing the adolescents or denying by closing their eyes to those changes. Both of these behaviors are not helping the adolescent.
It is very important for teenagers to feel free to express themselves with all their transitory issues and use their anger in a constructive way. That is the age that they need to have the maximum of attention and guidance to become their real selves not photocopies of their parents or other familiar members